The A and A13 trunk roads are important radial routes connecting London and the M25 to the south of Essex.
The A12 runs across the county from south west to north east and carries traffic not just within Essex but also between London and Suffolk, east Norfolk and the ports of Felixstowe and Harwich. Rail goods have several ports and dedicated lines within Essex. Much of Essex lies within the London commuter belt. Greater Anglia is the main railway operator in the county, providing commuter services into London Liverpool Street and regional services throughout the East of England.
The main railway routes in Essex include:. South Essex Rapid Transit is a proposed public transport scheme which would provide a fast, reliable public transport service in and between Thurrock, Basildon and Southend. Education in Essex is substantially provided by three authorities: In all there are some 90 state secondary schools provided by these authorities, the majority of which are comprehensive, although one in Uttlesford , two in Chelmsford , two in Colchester and four in Southend-on-Sea are selective grammar schools.
There are also various independent schools particularly, as mentioned above, in rural parts and the west of the county. The University of Essex , which was established in , is located just outside Colchester, with two further campuses in Loughton and Southend-on-Sea.
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University Campus Suffolk , with a main campus in Ipswich and five centres in the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk , is a joint venture between University of Essex and East Anglia polytechnic. The county's coat of arms comprises three Saxon seax knives although they look rather more like scimitars , mainly white and pointing to the right from the point of view of the observer , arranged vertically one above another on a red background Gules three Seaxes fessewise in pale Argent pomels and hilts Or points to the sinister and cutting edges upwards ; the three-seax device is also used as the official logo of Essex County Council; this was granted in The earliest reference to the arms of the East Saxon kings was by Richard Verstegan , the author of A Restitution of Decayed Intelligence Antwerp, , claiming that " Erkenwyne king of the East-Saxons did beare for his armes, three [seaxes] argent, in a field gules".
There is no earlier evidence substantiating Verstegan's claim, which is an anachronism for the Anglo-Saxon period seeing that heraldry only evolved in the 12th century, well after the Norman Conquest. John Speed in his Historie of Great Britaine follows Verstegan in his descriptions of the arms of Erkenwyne, but he qualifies the statement by adding "as some or our heralds have emblazed". Essex is also home to the Dunmow Flitch Trials, a traditional ceremony that takes place every four years and consists of a test of a married couple's devotion to one another.
Lord of the Manor Reginald Fitzwalter and his wife dressed themselves as humble folk and begged blessing of the Prior a year and a day after marriage. The prior, impressed by their devotion, bestowed upon them a flitch of bacon. Upon revealing his true identity, Fitzwalter gave his land to the priory on condition that a flitch should be awarded to any couple who could claim they were similarly devoted.
By the 14th century, the Dunmow Flitch Trials appear to have achieved a significant reputation outside the local area.
The author William Langland , who lived on the Welsh borders, mentions it in his book The Vision of Piers Plowman in a manner that implies general knowledge of the custom among his readers. The Essex dialect , an accent related to the Suffolk dialect , was formerly prevalent in the county but has now been mostly replaced by Estuary English. Essex is home to two English Football League teams: Southend United and Colchester United. Both teams have reached as high as the Championship the second tier of English football at some point in their history.
The highest domestic trophy for non-league teams, the FA Trophy , has been won on four occasions by Essex teams; most recently by Grays Athletic in The county has won 7 County Championship league titles; 6 of these were won during the dominant period between and , with a gap of 25 years before the county's next title in The County is also home to the Chelmsford Chieftains ice hockey team and the Essex Leopards basketball team.
It has previously been home to the Essex Eels rugby league team, as well as the Essex Pirates basketball team. During the London Olympics , Hadleigh Farm played host to the mountain bike races. Essex has one horse racing venue, Chelmsford City Racecourse at Great Leighs , and horse racing also took place at Chelmsford Racecourse in Galleywood until The county has one current greyhound racing track, Harlow Stadium. Rayleigh Weir Stadium and Southend Stadium are former greyhound venues. Team Essex Volleyball Club is Chelmsford's national league volleyball club. It has four teams which play in Volleyball England 's national volleyball league.
Its Men's 1st team currently competes in the top division in the country, the Super 8s while the Women's 1st team competes one tier below the men. The club has a strong junior program and trains in The Boswells School in Chelmsford. Many famous sports stars have come from or trained in Essex. Southend Pier is in the Guinness Book of Records as the longest pleasure pier in the world. Thaxted Guildhall, dating from around Colchester Castle , Colchester.
Hylands House , south of Writtle and south-west of Chelmsford. Southend Pier , Southend-on-Sea. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the county in England. For other uses, see Essex disambiguation. List of places of interest in Essex.
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Essex. Occasional showers of sleet and snow will affect some eastern parts of England during Thursday, leading to a temporary covering of cm of snow in places. Showers will become restricted to immediate coastal districts by evening, before dying out. Icy patches will then form on untreated surfaces. A band of rain, sleet and snow will move eastwards across Wales during Friday morning. There remains some uncertainty in the timing and the extent of any snow, but there is likely to be a few hours where cm of snow could accumulate on higher level routes, this chiefly above metres.
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